Part III. Terms & Definitions

Accommodation Jobs
This industry provides lodging or short-term accommodations for travelers, vacationers, and others. Some provide lodging only; while others provide meals, laundry, and recreational facilities, as well as lodging. There are three industry groups: (1) traveler accommodation includes establishments that primarily provide traditional types of lodging services. This group includes hotels, motels, and bed and breakfast inns. (2) recreational accommodation includes establishments that operate lodging facilities primarily designed to accommodate outdoor enthusiasts. Included are travel trailer campsites, recreation vehicle parks, and outdoor adventure retreats; and (3) rooming and boarding houses includes establishments providing temporary or longer-term accommodations that for the period of occupancy may serve as a principal residence. Board (i.e., meals) may be provided but is not essential.

Agriculture Wage and Salary Jobs
Full- and part-time jobs for which payment was made by the employer in the survey week containing the 12th of the month. Includes farm jobs and machinery operators. Closely related management and services jobs are included for sugar and pineapple but are excluded for other types of agriculture.

Airline Seats
Total number of available seats from all direct flights to Hawaii, including scheduled and chartered flights.

Arts, Entertainment & Recreation Jobs
This industry includes a wide range of establishments that operate facilities or provide services to meet varied cultural, entertainment, and recreational interests of their patrons. This sector comprises (1) establishments that are involved in producing, promoting, or participating in live performances, events, or exhibits intended for public viewing; (2) establishments that preserve and exhibit objects and sites of historical, cultural, or educational interest; and (3) establishments that operate facilities or provide services that enable patrons to participate in recreational activities or pursue amusement, hobby, and leisure-time interests. Excluded from this sector are: (1) establishments that provide both accommodations and recreational facilities, such as hunting and fishing camps and resort and casino hotels; (2) restaurants and night clubs that provide live entertainment in addition to the sale of food and beverages, (3) motion picture theaters, libraries and archives, and publishers of newspapers, magazines, books, periodicals, and computer software; and (4) establishments using transportation equipment to provide recreational and entertainment services, such as those operating sightseeing buses, dinner cruises, or helicopter rides.

Average Daily Visitor Census- By Air
Average number of visitors present daily in the state. Figures are computed monthly by the Research & Economic Analysis Division, DBEDT based on arrival and departure dates from ground and in-flight surveys.

Average Length of Stay- By Air
Number of days visitors are in the State including the day of arrival and of departure.

Bankruptcy Filings

Chapter 7
Is available to both individuals and business debtors. Its purpose is to achieve a fair distribution to creditors of whatever non-exempt property the debtor has and to give the individual debtor a fresh start through the discharge in bankruptcy.

Chapter 11
Is available for both consumer and business debtors. Its purpose is to rehabilitate a business as a going concern or reorganize an individual’s finances through a court-approved reorganization plan.

Chapter 12
Is designed to give special debt relief to a family farmer with regular income from farming.

Chapter 13
Is available for an individual with regular income whose debts do not exceed specific amounts, typically used to budget some of the debtor’s future earnings under a plan through which creditors are paid in whole or in part.

Additional information may be found at the American Bankruptcy Institute “Bankruptcy Chapters” website www.abiworld.org/media/chapters.html

Chained (2009) dollar Gross Domestic Product by State (GDP) [Note: formerly called ‘Gross State Product’]
series are calculated (using national chain-type implicit price deflators) as the product of the chain-type quantity index and the 2009 current-dollar value of the corresponding series, divided by 100. Because the formula for the chain-type quantity indexes uses weights of more than one period, the corresponding chained-dollar estimates are usually not additive; that is, state totals usually do not add to regional totals or to U.S. totals, and regional totals usually do not add to U.S. totals.

Civilian Employment
Persons 16 years of age or older who, during the survey week containing the 12th of the month, were either at work for pay or profit, or worked without pay for 15 hours or more on a family farm or business, or were with a job but not at work. Both permanent and temporary employees and those who are working either full- or part-time are included.

Civilian Labor Force
Total of employed and unemployed persons, excluding those in the armed forces and 16 years of age or under. U.S. Census Bureau does surveys for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Civilian Unemployment
Persons 16 years of age or older who (1) did not work at all during the survey week but were actively seeking work and were available for work; or (2) did not work at all, were available for work, and were waiting to be called back from layoff or were waiting to report to a new wage or salary job within 30 days.

Condominium Resales
Consists of resales of condominium, duplexes and townhomes that are entered in the Multiple Listing Service. It does not include apartments.

Consumer Price Index – Honolulu or U.S.
Measure of the average change in prices over time for a fixed market basket of goods and services. It is compiled by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. The index measures changes from a reference date, i.e., 1982-84, which is designated as 100.0. For example, a Honolulu CPI-U (where U refers to All Urban Consumers), All Items, of 171.5 as the annual average for 1998 indicates the average prices of that group’s basket was 71.5 percent higher than the weighted average of those same goods and services in 1982-84. Data are published monthly for the U.S. and semi-annually for Honolulu. As of January 1998, BLS changed the reference basket based on 1982-84 consumer expenditures to a 1993-95 basket, but the base remains 1982-84 = 100.0. The BLS Internet site has more information about the CPI at http://www.bls.gov/cpi/home.htm.

Contracting Tax Base
The total receipts of businesses engaged in contracting to erect, construct, repair, or improve buildings or structures of any kind or description, or to make any installation therein. Attributed to any business engaging in the practice of architecture, engineering, land surveying, landscape architecture, and the practice of pest control or fumigation.

Contributions for Government Social Insurance
New category as part of the BEA Comprehensive Revision of the National Income & Product Accounts released in December 1999. Replaces ‘Personal contributions for social insurance’. These contributions, which are subtracted in the calculation of personal income, consist of the contributions, or payments, by employees, by the self-employed, and by other individuals who participate in the following government programs: Old-age, survivors, and disability insurance (social security); hospital insurance; supplementary medical insurance; unemployment insurance; railroad retirement; veterans life insurance; and temporary disability insurance. These contributions are excluded from personal income by definition, but the components of personal income upon which these contributions are based-mainly wage and salary disbursements and proprietors’ income-are presented gross of these contributions.

Dividends, Interest, and Rent
U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis presents the State Personal Income estimates of these components together. It consists of income received by individuals and on behalf of individuals by private and government employee retirement plans and by quasi-individuals, including non-profit institutions and private trust funds administered by fiduciaries. Personal dividend income is payments in cash or other assets by corporations in the U.S. or abroad to noncorporate stockholders who are Hawaii residents. Personal interest income is the interest income (monetary and imputed) from all sources that is received by individuals, by private and government employee retirement plans, by nonprofit institutions, and by estates and trusts. Rental income of persons with capital consumption adjustment is the net current-production income of persons from the rental of real property except for the income of persons primarily engaged in the real estate business; the imputed net rental income received by owner-occupants of farm-dwellings; and the royalties received by persons from patents, copyrights, and rights to natural resources. The estimates include BEA adjustments for uninsured losses to real estate caused by disasters, such as hurricanes (e.g. Iniki in 1992) and floods. See Personal Income.

Earnings
This BEA aggregate is the sum of three components of personal income: wages and salary disbursements, other labor income, and proprietors’ income. BEA presents earnings because it can be used in analyses of regional economies as a proxy for the income generated from participation in current production. See Personal Income.

Educational Services Jobs
This industry comprises establishments that provide instruction and training by specialized establishments, such as schools, colleges, universities, and training centers. These establishments may be privately owned and operated for profit or not for profit, or they may be publicly owned and operated. They may also offer food and accommodation services to their students. Educational services are usually delivered by teachers or instructors that explain, tell, demonstrate, supervise, and direct learning, in diverse settings, such as educational institutions, the workplace, or the home through correspondence, television, or other means.

Employer Contributions to Social Insurance
New category as part of the ‘BEA Comprehensive Revision of the National Income & Product Accounts released in December 1999. Replaces ‘Other labor income’. This component of personal income consists of employer contributions for employee pension and insurance funds and of employer contributions for government social insurance. See Personal Income.

Federal Government Jobs
Includes those in the civilian agencies, i.e. Department of Defense, Agriculture, United States Postal Service and the various armed services exchange systems.

Financial Activities Jobs
Establishments primarily engaged in financial transactions, i.e. those transactions involving the creation, liquidation, or change in ownership of financial assets, and/or in facilitating financial transactions. Three principal types of activities are identified: (1) raising funds by taking deposits and/or issuing securities and, in the process, incurring liabilities; (2) pooling of risk by underwriting insurance and annuities, (3) providing specialized services facilitating or supporting financial intermediation, insurance, and employee benefit programs. In addition, monetary authorities charged with monetary control are included in this sector. This also includes real estate and the rental and leasing sector which is comprised of establishments primarily engaged in renting, leasing, or otherwise allowing the use of tangible or intangible assets, and establishments providing related services. The major portion of this sector comprises establishments that rent, lease, or otherwise allow the use of their own assets by others. The assets may be tangible, as is the case of real estate and equipment, or intangible, as is the case with patents and trademarks. Excluded from this sector are real estate investment trusts (REITS) and establishments primarily engaged in renting or leasing equipment with operators. In many cases, such as the rental of heavy construction equipment, the operator is essential to operate the equipment.

Food Services & Drinking Places Jobs
These industries prepare meals, snacks, and beverages to customer order for immediate on-premises and off-premises consumption. Some provide food and drink only; while others provide various combinations of seating space, waiter/waitress services and incidental amenities, such as limited entertainment. The industries are grouped based on the type and level of services provided, i.e. full-service restaurants; limited-service eating places; and special food services including caterers and mobile food services. Food services and drink activities at hotels and motels; amusement parks, theaters, casinos, country clubs, and similar recreational facilities; and civic and social organizations are included here only if these services are provided by a separate establishment primarily engaged in providing food and beverage services. Excluded are establishments operating dinner cruises which are classified as scenic and sightseeing transportation because those establishments utilize transportation equipment to provide scenic recreational entertainment.

General Excise (Gross Income) Tax
Tax charged to businesses on gross sales or gross income. The tax rate is 0.5 percent on wholesaling and intermediary services, blind vendors, producing, manufacturing, sugar processing and pineapple canning; all other activities (retailing, business and professional services, contracting, theater, amusement, radio, interest, commissions, rentals) are taxed at 4.0 percent, except insurance commissions to general agents, subagents and solicitors, who are taxed at 0.15 percent.

General Excise and Use Tax Base
The value of all goods and services sold, including the value of tangible personal property imported into Hawaii for own use or consumption. One of the most comprehensive measures of business activity in the state.

General Fund Tax Revenues
Receipts of the general excise and use tax, net individual and corporate income taxes comprise over 85 percent of the General Fund tax receipts. The general government fund used to account for all financial resources except those required to be accounted for in another fund, such as the highway, airport or capital improvement fund.

Gross Domestic Product by State (GDP) [Note: formerly called ‘Gross State Product’]
GDP is the value added in production by the labor and property located in a state. GDP for a state is derived as the sum of the GDP originating in all industries in the state. The estimates of real GDP are derived by applying national implicit price deflators by detailed industry to the current-dollar GDP estimates by detailed industry. Then, in order to capture the differences across states that reflect the relative differences in the mix of goods and services that the states produce, the same chain-type index formula used in the national accounts is used to calculate the estimates of total real GDP and real GDP by major industry.

Health Care & Social Assistance Jobs
This industry includes establishments that provide both health care and social assistance for individuals. Both are included as it is sometimes difficult to distinguish between the boundaries of these two activities starting with those establishments providing medical care exclusively, continuing with those providing health care and social assistance, and finally finishing with those providing only social assistance. These services are delivered by trained professionals and the industries are defined based on the educational degree held by its practitioners. Excluded are aerobic classes and nonmedical diet and weight reducing centers. Although these can be viewed as health services, these services are not typically delivered by health practitioners.

Honolulu Construction Cost Indexes: High-Rise or Single Family
As compiled, by First Hawaiian Bank, and currently by DBEDT, these indexes measure changes in contractors’ costs for building materials and labor. For discussion of Methodology, see Hawaii’s Economy May 2000.

Hotel Occupancy Rate
The percentage of occupied rooms in a hotel. Hotel occupancy rates depend not only on the number of visitors and their length of stay, but also on the hotel room inventory, e.g., a large increase in new hotel units results in a drop in occupancy rates, until such time as visitor traffic builds up enough to fill them. Rates are obtained from a sample survey conducted on a monthly basis.

Hotel Rental Tax Base
is the economic base from which all hotel business activity is taxed. It includes the furnishing of temporary accommodations in a hotel, or other place in which lodgings are regularly furnished to transients for compensation.

Implicit Price Deflator
The implicit price deflator is calculated as the ratio of the current-dollar value to the corresponding chained-dollar value multiplied by 100. OR Implicit price deflators are weighted averages of the detailed price indexes used to prepare each aggregate and component and are calculated as the ratio of current- to chained-dollar output multiplied by 100.

Information Jobs
Are in establishments engaged in the following processes: (a) producing and distributing information and cultural products, (b) providing the means to transmit or distribute these products as well as data or communications, and (c) processing data. Included are publishing industries, including software publishing, and both traditional publishing and publishing exclusively on the Internet; the motion picture and sound recording industries; the broadcasting industries, including traditional broadcasting and those broadcasting exclusively over the Internet; the telecommunications industries; the industries known as Internet service providers and web search portals, data processing industries, and the information services industries. For the purpose of developing NAICS, it is the transformation of information into a commodity that is produced and distributed by a number of growing industries that is at issue. The Information sector groups three types of establishments: (1) those engaged in producing and distributing information and cultural products; (2) those that provide the means to transmit or distribute these products as well as data or communications; and (3) those that process data. Many of the industries in the NAICS Information sector are engaged in producing products protected by copyright law, or in distributing them (other than distribution by traditional wholesale and retail methods). Examples are traditional publishing industries, software and directory and mailing list publishing industries, and film and sound industries. Broadcasting and telecommunications industries and information providers and processors are also included in the Information sector, because their technologies are so closely linked to other industries in the Information sector.

Initial Agent Claims
Notices of unemployment filed against another state by its workers who have moved to Hawaii.

Initial Liable Claims
Notices of unemployment filed against Hawaii by Hawaii workers who have moved to another state.

Local Government Jobs
Includes those in the county governments.

Manufacturing Jobs
Are in establishments engaged in the mechanical, physical, or chemical transformation of materials, substances, or components into new products. The assembling of component parts of manufactured products is considered manufacturing, except in cases where the activity is appropriately classified as construction. Included in manufacturing are plants, factories, or mills and characteristically use power-driven machines and materials-handling equipment. However, establishments that transform materials or substances into new products by hand or in the worker’s home and those engaged in selling to the general public products made on the same premises from which they are sold, such as bakeries, candy stores, and custom tailors, may also be included in this sector. Manufacturing establishments may process materials or may contract with other establishments to process their materials for them. Both types of establishments are included in manufacturing. The following activities are considered manufacturing in NAICS: milk or water bottling and pasteurizing; fresh fish packaging; printing and related activities; ready-mixed concrete production; ship repair and renovation; machine shops; and tire retreading. Conversely, there are activities that NAICS classifies as non-manufacturing, i.e. agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting; the construction of structures and fabricating operations performed at the site of construction by contractors, establishments engaged in breaking of bulk and redistribution in smaller lots, including packaging, repackaging, or bottling products, customized assembly of computers, etc

NAICS
The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) has replaced the U.S. Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. NAICS was developed jointly by the U.S., Canada, and Mexico to provide new comparability in statistics about business activity across North America. Estimates of Personal Income earnings, wage and salary disbursements, and employment by NAICS subsector are available starting with 2001. For descriptions of NAICS industries, please see www.census.gov/epcd/www/naics.html at the Census Bureau.

Natural Resources, Mining & Construction Jobs
In Hawaii, 99 percent of the jobs in this category are in Construction and the remaining 1 percent in Mining. Included are those establishments that extract naturally occurring mineral solids, such as coal and ores; liquid minerals, such as crude petroleum; and gases, such as natural gas. There are two activities: mine operation and mining support activities. The construction sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in the construction of buildings or engineering projects (e.g., highways and utility systems), additions, alterations, or maintenance and repairs. Establishments primarily engaged in the preparation of sites for new construction and establishments primarily engaged in subdividing land for sale as building sites also are included in this sector.

Net Earnings
BEA also calculates this measure as Earnings less Personal Contributions for Social Insurance. Net earnings is used in the presentation of State and local area personal income as the sum of net earnings, transfer payments, and personal dividend income, personal interest income, and rental income of persons. It can be used as a proxy for income before taxes. See Personal Income.

Net Individual or Corporation Income Tax Revenue
For individuals, it is calculated as declaration of estimated taxes plus payments with returns plus withholding tax on wages less refunds. Net corporate income tax revenue is calculated as declarations of estimated taxes plus payments with returns less refunds.

Non-Agriculture Wage and Salary Jobs
Derived monthly from a sample survey of employers reporting the number of persons who received pay for any part of the pay period containing the 12th of the month. Includes all full- and part-time non-agricultural workers, permanent and temporary workers, and workers on paid sick leave and paid vacation.

Other Goods and Services
Honolulu Consumer Price Index component detail. Prior to the CPI 1998 Revision, it measured the change in average prices of tobacco products, personal care goods and services, and personal and educational expenditures. Beginning with January 1998 data, this category includes tobacco, personal care, and miscellaneous goods and services. Other components, for example, schoolbooks and tuition, moved to the new “Education and Communication” and recreational reading to “Recreation”. BLS’ Monthly Labor Review (December 1996), and BLS’ Internet site have more information about the CPI at www.bls.gov/cpi.

Other Labor Income
See Employer Contributions to Social Insurance’.

Other Services (except public administration) Jobs
Are in establishments engaged in providing services not specifically provided for elsewhere in the classification system., such as equipment and machinery repairing, promoting or administering religious activities, grantmaking, advocacy, and providing drycleaning and laundry services, personal care services, death care services, pet care services, photofinishing services, temporary parking services, and dating services. Private households that engage in employing workers on or about the premises in activities primarily concerned with the operation of the household are included in this sector. Excluded from this sector are establishments primarily engaged in retailing new equipment and also performing repairs and general maintenance on equipment

Personal Contributions for Social Insurance
See ‘Contributions for government social insurance’.

Personal Current Transfer Receipts
Modified category as part of the ‘BEA Comprehensive Revision of the National Income & Product Accounts’ released in December 1999. Formerly ‘Transfer Payments’. This component of personal income is payments to persons for which no current services are performed. It consists of payments to individuals and to nonprofit institutions by Federal, state, and local governments and by businesses. Government payments to individuals includes retirement and disability insurance benefits, medical payments (mainly Medicare and Medicaid), income maintenance benefits, unemployment insurance benefits, veterans benefits, and Federal grants and loans to students. Government payments to nonprofit institutions excludes payments by the Federal Government for work under research and development contracts. Business payments to persons consists primarily of liability payments for personal injury and of corporate gifts to nonprofit institutions.

Personal Income
Income received by persons for participation in production, from government and business transfer payments, and from government interest. It is calculated as the sum of wage & salary disbursements, supplements to wages and salaries, proprietors’ income with inventory valuation and capital consumption adjustments, rental income of persons with capital consumption adjustment, personal dividend income, personal interest income, and personal current transfer receipts, less contributions for government social insurance. For additional information see www.bea.gov/regional/spi

Professional & Business Services Jobs
Are in establishments that specialize in performing professional, scientific, and technical activities for others and require a high degree of expertise and training. These activities include: legal advice and representation; accounting, bookkeeping, and payroll services; architectural, engineering, and specialized design services; computer services; consulting services; research services; advertising services; photographic services; translation and interpretation services; veterinary services; and other professional, scientific, and technical services to business and sometimes to households, but excludes establishments primarily engaged in providing a range of day-to-day office administrative services, such as financial planning, billing and recordkeeping, personnel, and physical distribution and logistics. The management sector comprises establishments that hold the securities of companies and enterprises for the purpose of owning a controlling interest or influencing management decisions or establishments that administer, oversee, and manage establishments of the company or enterprise and that normally undertake the strategic or organizational planning and decisionmaking role of the company or enterprise. Establishments in this sector perform essential activities that are often undertaken, in-house, by establishments in many sectors of the economy but by consolidating the performance of these activities, economies of scale are achieved. Also included are establishments that perform routine support activities, such as office administration, hiring and placing of personnel, document preparation and similar clerical services, solicitation, collection, security and surveillance services, cleaning, and waste disposal services on a contract or fee basis.

Proprietors’ Income
This component of BEA Personal income is the current-production income (including income in kind) of sole proprietorships, partnerships and cooperatives. Corporate directors’ fees and the imputed net rental income of owner-occupants of farm dwellings is included in proprietors’ income but the imputed net rental income of owner-occupants of nonfarm dwellings is included in rental income of persons. Proprietors’ income excludes dividends and monetary interest received by nonfinancial business and rental incomes by persons not primarily engaged in the real estate business; these incomes are included in dividends, net interest, and rental income of personas, respectively. See Personal Income.

Retail Tax Base
includes the general excise tax base on retailing. Retail sales include sales for consumption or use by the purchaser and not for resale. The general excise tax at the retail level (4%) is sometimes loosely called a sales tax. However, it differs from a typical sales tax in two respects: (1) it is a tax on the gross income of the seller rather than a tax on the purchase price of the buyer; (2) the retail excise tax in Hawaii applies to all retail sales (both goods and services) whereas most Mainland sales taxes exempt some commodities such as food and services.

Retail Trade Jobs
Are in establishments engaged in retailing merchandise, generally without transformation, and rendering services incidental to the sale of merchandise. The retailing process is the final step in the distribution of merchandise; retailers are, therefore, organized to sell merchandise in small quantities to the general public. This sector comprises two main types of retailers: store and nonstore retailers. Store retailers operate fixed point-of-sale locations, located and designed to attract a high volume of walk-in customers where they have extensive displays of merchandise and use mass-media advertising to attract customers from the general public for personal or household consumption, but some also serve business and institutional clients. These include establishments such as office supply stores, computer and software stores, building materials dealers, plumbing supply stores, and electrical supply stores. Catalog showrooms, gasoline services stations, automotive dealers, and mobile home dealers are treated as store retailers. Generally, establishments engaged in retailing merchandise and providing after-sales services are classified in this sector. Nonstore retailers are also organized to serve the general public, but they reach customers and market merchandise with methods, such as the broadcasting of “infomercials,” the broadcasting and publishing of direct-response advertising, the publishing of paper and electronic catalogs, door-to-door solicitation, in-home demonstration, selling from portable stalls (street vendors, except food), and distribution through vending machines.

Services Tax Base
includes tax base data on establishments primarily engaged in providing a wide variety of services for individuals, business and government establishments, and other organizations; hotels and other lodging places; establishments providing personal, business, repair, and amusement services; health, legal, engineering, and other professional services; educational institutions; membership organizations and other miscellaneous services.

Single Family Home Resales
Consists of resales of single family homes that are entered in the Multiple Listing Service.

State Government Jobs
Education includes all employees under the Department of Education (DOE) and the University of Hawaii System. This includes public library personnel, substitute teachers who received pay during the pay period including the 12th of the month, and support personnel such as cafeteria workers, classroom cleaners, and school security attendants. Also included are part-time employees in special programs such as the A+ After School.

State Government Jobs
Non-Education – Includes all other executive branch departments (i.e. Agriculture, Transportation, etc.), the legislative and judicial branches, and the Research Corporation of the University of Hawaii (RCUH).

Total Wage and Salary Jobs
includes nonagricultural wage and salary workers and agriculture wage and salary workers. Persons on the payroll of more than one establishment during the pay period are counted in each establishment that reports them.

Transfer Payments
See Personal current transfer receipts.

Transient Accommodations Tax
Tax levied on resort time-share vacation units and the furnishing of a room, apartment, suite which is customarily occupied by a person or group for fewer than 180 consecutive days by a hotel, apartment, motel, or cooperative apartment, rooming house, or other place in which lodgings are generally furnished to transients. The tax as of January 1, 1999 is imposed at the rate of 7.25 percent and the tax base includes time-share units.

Transportation, Warehousing, & Utilities Jobs
Are in industries providing transportation of passengers and cargo, warehousing and storage for goods, scenic and sightseeing transportation, and support activities related to modes of transportation – air, rail, water, road, and pipeline. The sector distinguishes subsectors for each mode of transportation, a subsector for warehousing and storage, and a subsector for establishments providing support activities for transportation. In addition, there are subsectors for establishments that provide passenger transportation for scenic and sightseeing purposes, postal services, and courier services. Warehousing establishments in this sector are distinguished from merchant wholesaling in that the warehouse establishments do not sell the goods. Excluded are establishments primarily engaged in providing travel agent services that support transportation and other establishments, such as hotels, businesses, and government agencies. The Utilities sector comprises establishments engaged in the provision of the following utility services: electric power, natural gas, steam supply, water supply, and sewage removal. Within this sector, the specific activities associated with the utility services provided vary by utility: electric power includes generation, transmission, and distribution; natural gas includes distribution; steam supply includes provision and/or distribution; water supply includes treatment and distribution; and sewage removal includes collection, treatment, and disposal of waste through sewer systems and sewage treatment facilities. Excluded from this sector are establishments primarily engaged in waste management services that do not use sewer systems or sewage treatment facilities.

Unallocated General Excise & Use Tax Revenues
General excise and use tax revenues that could not be allocated to specific activities of the general excise & use tax. It also includes collections from penalty and interest, assessments and corrections, delinquent collections, refunds, protested payments, settlements, etc.

Unemployment Rate
Ratio of unemployed persons to the civilian labor force expressed as a percentage.

Use Tax
Excise tax levied on tangible personal property that is imported or purchased from an unlicensed seller for use in the state. The tax is based upon the purchase price or value of the tangible personal property purchased or imported, whichever is applicable. Rates: 0.5 percent, if for resale at retail; 4.0 percent, if for use or consumption.

Visitor Arrivals- By Air, Total
All persons who stayed in Hawaii for a period between one night and one year.

Domestic Visitor Arrivals
Visitors who stayed in Hawaii for at least one night but less than one year, arriving on flights from Mainland U.S. A foreign resident arriving in Hawaii on a flight directly from the U.S. Mainland is counted as a domestic visitor.

International Visitor Arrivals
Visitors who stayed in Hawaii for at least one night but less than one year arriving on flights from foreign countries. An U.S. resident arriving in Hawaii on a flight directly from a foreign country is counted as an international visitor.

Visitor Days
Measures the number of days visitors stay in the State and are the most comprehensive measurement of visitations. Visitor days take into account both the number of visitors and their length of stay and is the main indicator used by most of the tourism-related businesses to plan their activities.

Wages and Salary Disbursements
This component of Personal Income consists of the monetary remuneration of employees, including the compensation of corporate officers; commissions, tips, and bonuses; and receipts in kind, or pay-in-kind, such as the meals furnished to the employees of restaurants. It reflects the amount of wages and salaries disbursed, but not necessarily, earned during the year. See Personal Income.

Wholesale Trade Jobs
Are in establishments engaged in wholesaling merchandise, generally without transformation, and rendering services incidental to the sale of merchandise and includes the outputs of agriculture, mining, manufacturing, and certain information industries, such as publishing. It is an intermediate step in the distribution of merchandise. Wholesalers are organized to sell or arrange the purchase or sale of goods for resale, capital or durable nonconsumer goods, and raw and intermediate materials and supplies used in production. Wholesalers sell merchandise to other businesses and normally operate from a warehouse or office that have little or no display f merchandise and do not solicit walk-in traffic. Transactions are often conducted between wholesalers and clients that have long-standing business relationships. There are two main types: merchant wholesalers that sell goods on their own account and business to business electronic markets, agents, and brokers that arrange sales and purchases for others generally for a commission or fee.