Outlook for the Economy
4th Quarter 2014
Based on the most recent developments in the national and global economies, the performance of Hawaii’s tourism industry, the labor market conditions, and growth of personal income and tax revenues, Hawaii’s economy is expected to continue positive growth for the rest of 2014 and into 2015. Overall, the current DBEDT forecast is more optimistic compared with the previous forecast.
Hawaii’s economy depends significantly on conditions in the U.S. economy and key international economies, especially Japan. According to the November 2014 Blue Chip Economic Consensus Forecasts, U.S. real GDP is expected to increase by 2.2 percent in 2014 as a whole, 0.1 of a percentage point higher than the 2.1 percent growth rate projected in the August 2014 forecast. For 2015 the consensus forecast now expects an overall 3.0 percent growth in U.S. real GDP, the same as the August 2014 forecast.
According to the November 2014 Blue Chip Economic Consensus Forecast, real GDP growth for Japan is now expected to increase 0.9 percent in 2014, 0.5 of a percentage point lower than the 1.4 percent growth rate projected in the August 2014 forecast. For 2015, the consensus forecast now expects an overall 1.3 percent growth in Japanese real GDP, same as the August 2014 forecast.
For the local economy, DBEDT expects some of the economic indicators will grow at a faster rate than that of the previous forecast, and some other economic indicators will grow at the same growth rate projected in the previous forecast.
Overall, Hawaii’s economy measured by real GDP, is projected to show a 2.6 percent increase in 2014, the same as the growth rate forecasted last quarter. Real GDP growth in 2015 is expected at 2.8 percent, 0.6 of a percentage point higher than the growth rate forecasted last quarter.
Hawaii’s unemployment rate is projected to be 4.4 percent in 2014 and 4.1 percent in 2015, the same as the previous forecast.
Visitor arrivals are expected to increase 0.8 percent in 2014, 0.1 of a percentage point higher than the previous forecast. The forecast for visitor days in 2014 decreased 0.5 of a percentage point to 0.3 percent. The forecast for visitor expenditure in 2014 is revised upward to 2.7 percent, from 2.6 percent growth projected in the previous forecast. For 2015, the growth rates of visitor arrivals, visitor days, and visitor expenditures are now expected to be 1.9 percent, 2.2 percent, and 3.6 percent, respectively.
The projection for non-agricultural wage and salary job growth rate in 2014 is 1.3 percent, 0.1 of a percentage point higher than the previous forecast. In 2015, jobs are projected to increase 1.5 percent, also same as the previous forecast.
The Honolulu Consumer Price Index (CPI), which increased 1.8 percent in 2013, is now expected to increase 1.5 percent in 2014, the same as the previous forecast. In 2015, the CPI is projected to increase 2.2 percent, also the same as the previous forecast.
Personal income in current dollars is now expected to increase 4.0 percent in 2014, the same as the previous forecast. Real personal income is currently projected to grow 2.6 percent in 2014, also the same as the previous forecast. In 2015, current-dollar personal income and real personal income are expected to increase 4.5 percent and 2.5 percent, respectively.
Beyond 2015, the economy will be on an expansion path, with job growth expected to increase 1.4 percent in 2016 and 1.3 percent in 2017. Visitor arrivals are expected to increase 1.9 percent in 2016 and 2017. Visitor expenditures are expected to increase 4.6 percent in 2016 and 4.2 percent in 2017. Real personal income is projected to increase 2.3 percent in 2016 and 2.0 percent in 2017. Hawaii’s real GDP growth is expected to increase 2.5 percent in 2016 and 2.2 percent in 2017. The unemployment rate is expected to decrease to 3.8 percent in 2016 and 3.5 percent in 2017.
|Total population (thousands)||1,390||1,404||1,418||1,432||1,447||1,461|
|Visitor arrivals (thousands) ¹||8,029||8,174||8,237||8,395||8,556||8,714|
|Visitor days (thousands) ¹||74,519||74,942||75,130||76,801||78,238||79,662|
|Visitor expenditures (million dollars) ¹||14,365||14,521||14,913||15,456||16,164||16,838|
|Honolulu CPI-U (1982-84=100)||249.5||253.9||257.7||263.4||270.5||279.2|
|Personal income (million dollars)||61,968||63,468||66,007||68,977||72,288||75,903|
|Real personal income (millions of 2008$) ²||50,245||50,794||52,137||53,430||54,661||55,772|
|Non-agricultural wage & salary jobs (thousands)||606.3||617.6||625.6||635.0||643.9||652.3|
|Civilian unemployment rate||5.7||4.8||4.4||4.1||3.8||3.5|
|Gross domestic product (million dollars) ³||72,512||75,235||78,513||82,365||86,240||90,032|
|Real gross domestic product (millions of 2009$) ³||68,825||70,110||71,941||73,956||75,805||77,472|
|Gross domestic product deflator (2009=100) ³||105.4||107.3||109.1||111.4||113.8||116.2|
|Annual Percentage Change|
|Visitor arrivals ¹||10.0||1.8||0.8||1.9||1.9||1.9|
|Visitor days ¹||8.8||0.6||0.3||2.2||1.9||1.8|
|Visitor expenditures ¹||17.9||1.1||2.7||3.6||4.6||4.2|
|Real personal income ²||1.4||1.1||2.6||2.5||2.3||2.0|
|Non-agricultural wage & salary jobs||2.2||1.9||1.3||1.5||1.4||1.3|
|Civilian unemployment rate||-0.8||-0.9||-0.4||-0.3||-0.3||-0.3|
|Gross domestic product ³||4.0||3.8||4.4||4.9||4.7||4.4|
|Real gross domestic product ³||1.7||1.9||2.6||2.8||2.5||2.2|
|Gross domestic product deflator (2009=100) ³||2.2||1.9||1.7||2.1||2.2||2.2|
1/ Visitors who came to Hawaii by air or by cruise ship.
2/ Using personal income deflator developed by the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis.
3/ 2014 and later years are estimated by DBEDT, data for earlier years from U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis.
Source: Hawaii State Department of Business, Economic Development & Tourism, November 12, 2014.