A. Labor Force & Jobs

4th Quarter 2018 Report

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Hawaii’s labor market conditions were mostly positive in the third quarter of 2018. Since the civilian labor force increased only slightly more than the increase in civilian employment, the civilian unemployment rate remained about the same at 2.3 percent in the quarter. For the 32nd consecutive quarter-over-quarter, civilian non-agricultural wage and salary jobs increased.In the third quarter of 2018, the civilian labor force averaged 685,100 people, an increase of 1,750 people or 0.3 percent from the same quarter of 2017 (Table A-1). In the first three quarters of 2018, the civilian labor force declined by 50 people or less than 0.1 percent from the same period of the previous year.

Civilian employment totaled 669,400 people in the third quarter of 2018, an increase of 1,500 people or 0.2 percent compared to the same quarter of 2017 (Table A-2). In the first three quarters of 2018, average civilian employment increased 2,100 people or 0.3 percent from the same period of the previous year.

In the third quarter of 2018, the number of civilian unemployed averaged 15,650, an increase of 200 people or 1.3 percent from the same quarter of 2017 (Table A-3). In the first three quarters of 2018, the number of unemployed declined by 2,200 people or 12.9 percent from the same period of the previous year.

The unemployment rate (not seasonally adjusted) remained about the same at 2.3 percent in the third quarter of 2018 compared with the third quarter of 2017 (Table A-4). In the first three quarters of 2018, the unemployment rate decreased 0.3 of a percentage point from the same period of the previous year.

In the third quarter of 2018, Hawaii’s non-agricultural wage and salary jobs averaged 658,800 jobs, an increase of 12,700 jobs or 2.0 percent from the same quarter of 2017 (Table A-6). This is the 32nd consecutive quarter-over-quarter increase in non-agricultural wage and salary jobs after ten consecutive quarter-over-quarter decreases in jobs since the second quarter of 2008. In the first three quarters of 2018, average non-agricultural wage and salary jobs increased 1.7 percent or 10,900 jobs from the same period of the previous year.

The job growth in the third quarter of 2018 was due to job increases in both the private sector and the government sector. In this quarter, the private sector added about 11,200 non-agricultural jobs compared to the third quarter of 2017. Jobs increased the most in Food Services and Drinking Places, adding 4,500 jobs or 6.5 percent (Table A-19). This was followed by Professional & Business Services, adding 2,100 jobs or 2.6 percent (Table A-14), Financial Activities, adding 1,500 jobs or 5.3 percent (Table A-13), Health Care & Social Assistance, adding 1,500 jobs or 2.1 percent (Table A-16), and Transportation, Warehousing, and Utilities, adding 700 jobs or 2.1 percent (Table A-11) in the quarter.

For the private sector, in the third quarter of 2018, Manufacturing lost 500 jobs (Table A-8), Information lost 400 jobs (Table A-12), and Retail Trade lost 100 jobs (Table A-10) in the quarter.

The three levels of government added 1,500 jobs or 1.3 percent (Table A-21) in the third quarter of 2018 compared to the same quarter of 2017. The Federal Government added 100 jobs or 0.3 percent (Table A-22); State Government added 1,100 jobs or 1.7 percent (Table A-23), and Local Government added 300 jobs or 1.6 percent (Table A-24), compared to the third quarter of 2017.

The initial liable claims for unemployment, which measures the number of people who lost jobs in Hawaii and moved to other states, decreased 11.3 percent in the third quarter of 2018 compared to the same quarter of 2017 (Table A-27). In the first three quarters of 2018, the initial liable claims for unemployment decreased 13.5 percent from the same period of the previous year.