A. Labor Force & Jobs

3rd Quarter 2019 Report

Download Labor Data Tables (spreadsheet)

Hawaii’s labor market conditions were mixed in the second quarter of 2019. Since the civilian labor force decreased less than the decrease in civilian employment, the civilian unemployment rate increased to 2.9 percent in the quarter. For the 35th consecutive quarter-over-quarter, civilian non-agricultural wage and salary jobs increased.

In the second quarter of 2019, the civilian labor force averaged 662,750 people, a decrease of 17,800 people or 2.6 percent from the same quarter of 2018 (Table A-1). In the first half of 2019, the civilian labor force declined by 14,300 people or 2.1 percent from the same period of the previous year.

Civilian employment totaled 643,750 people in the second quarter of 2019, a decrease of 20,000 people or 3.0 percent compared to the same quarter of 2018 (Table A-2). In the first half of 2019, average civilian employment decreased 17,300 people or 2.6 percent from the same period of the previous year.

In the second quarter of 2019, the number of civilian unemployed averaged 19,050, an increase of 2,300 people or 13.7 percent from the same quarter of 2018 (Table A-3). In the first half of 2019, the number of unemployed increased 3,000 people or 18.7 percent from the same period of the previous year.

The unemployment rate (not seasonally adjusted) increased from 2.5 percent in the second quarter of 2018 to 2.9 percent in the second quarter of 2019 (Table A-4). In the first half of 2019, the unemployment rate increased 0.5 of a percentage point from the same period of the previous year.

In the second quarter of 2019, Hawaii’s non-agricultural wage and salary jobs averaged 660,000 jobs, an increase of 3,100 jobs or 0.5 percent from the same quarter of 2018 (Table A-6). This is the 35th consecutive quarter-over-quarter increase in non-agricultural wage and salary jobs after ten consecutive quarter-over-quarter decreases in jobs since the second quarter of 2008. In the first half of 2019, average non-agricultural wage and salary jobs increased 0.5 percent or 3,000 jobs from the same period of the previous year.

The job growth in the second quarter of 2019 was due to job increases in both the private sector and the government sector. In this quarter, the private sector added about 1,300 non-agricultural jobs compared to the second quarter of 2018. Jobs increased the most in Food Services and Drinking Places, adding 1,500 jobs or 2.2 percent (Table A-19); followed by Natural Resources, Mining & Construction, adding 900 jobs or 2.5 percent (Table A-7), Professional & Business Services, adding 800 jobs or 1.0 percent, Other services, adding 600 jobs or 2.2 percent (Table A-20), and Health Care & Social Assistance, adding 500 jobs or 0.7 percent (Table A-16) in the quarter.

For the private sector, in the second quarter of 2019, Retail Trade lost 2,200 jobs (Table A-10), Manufacturing lost 400 jobs (Table A-8), and Arts, Entertainment & Recreation lost 300 jobs (Table A-17) in the quarter.

The three levels of government added 1,800 jobs or 1.4 percent (Table A-21) in the second quarter of 2019 compared to the same quarter of 2018. The Federal Government added 300 jobs or 0.9 percent (Table A-22), State Government added 1,400 jobs or 1.9 percent (Table A-23), and Local Government added 100 jobs or 0.5 percent (Table A-24), compared to the second quarter of 2018.

The initial liable claims for unemployment, which measures the number of people who lost jobs in Hawaii and moved to other states, increased 8.4 percent in the second quarter of 2019 compared to the same quarter of 2018 (Table A-27). In the first half of 2019, the initial liable claims for unemployment decreased 8.2 percent from the same period of the previous year.