A. Labor Force & Jobs

1st Quarter 2021 Report

Download Labor Data Tables (spreadsheet)

Hawaii’s labor market conditions were all negative in the fourth quarter of 2020. The civilian unemployment rate increased due to the number of unemployed civilians increasing, combined with the size of the labor force decreasing. The civilian non-agricultural wage and salary jobs also decreased.

In the fourth quarter of 2020, the civilian labor force averaged 651,350 people, a decrease of 14,950 people or 2.2 percent from the same quarter of 2019 (Table A-1). In 2020, the civilian labor force declined by 19,450 people or 2.9 percent from the previous year.

Civilian employment totaled 578,700 people in the fourth quarter of 2020, a decrease of 71,000 people or 10.9 percent compared to the same quarter of 2019 (Table A-2). In 2020, average civilian employment decreased 77,650 people or 12.0 percent from the previous year.

In the fourth quarter of 2020, the number of civilian unemployed averaged 72,650, an increase of 56,000 people or 336.3 percent from the same quarter of 2019 (Table A-3). In 2020, the number of unemployed increased 58,300 people or 322.7 percent from the previous year.

The unemployment rate (not seasonally adjusted) was 11.2 percent in the fourth quarter of 2020, 8.7 percentage points above the fourth quarter of 2019 (Table A-4). In 2020, the unemployment rate increased 9.3 percentage points from the previous year to 12.0 percent.

In the fourth quarter of 2020, Hawaii’s non-agricultural wage and salary jobs averaged 561,500 jobs, a decrease of 101,400 jobs or 15.3 percent from the same quarter of 2019 (Table A-6). In 2020, average non-agricultural wage and salary jobs decreased 12.7 percent or 83,000 jobs from the previous year.

The job decrease in the fourth quarter of 2020 was due to job decreases in both the private sector and the government sector. In this quarter, the private sector lost about 92,400 non-agricultural jobs compared to the fourth quarter of 2019. All private sector industries lost jobs in the quarter. Jobs decreased the most in Accommodation, which lost 26,300 jobs or 61.9 percent (Table A-18); followed by Food Services and Drinking Places, which lost 23,900 jobs or 33.9 percent (Table A-19), Transportation, Warehousing & Utilities, which lost 8,800 jobs or 20.7 percent (Table A-11), Professional & Business Services, lost 8,500 jobs or 11.3 percent (Table A-14), Arts, Entertainment & Recreation, lost 3,700 jobs or 27.4 percent (Table A-17), Retail Trade, lost 3,200 jobs or 4.5 percent (Table A-10), and Other Services, lost 3,200 jobs or 11.3 percent (Table A-20) in the quarter.

The Government sector lost 9,000 jobs or 7.0 percent (Table A-21) in the fourth quarter of 2020 compared to the same quarter of 2019. The Federal Government lost 600 jobs or 1.7 percent (Table A-22), the State Government lost 8,600 jobs or 11.4 percent (Table A-23), and the Local Government added 100 jobs or 0.5 percent (Table A-24), compared to the fourth quarter of 2019.