A. Labor Force & Jobs

3rd Quarter 2020 Report

Download Labor Data Tables (spreadsheet)

Hawaii’s labor market conditions were all negative in the second quarter of 2020. The civilian labor force and the civilian employment both decreased. Since the civilian unemployment decreased more than the decrease in civilian labor force, the civilian unemployment rate decreased in the quarter. The civilian non-agricultural wage and salary jobs also decreased.

In the second quarter of 2020, the civilian labor force averaged 624,600 people, a decrease of 38,550 people or 5.8 percent from the same quarter of 2019 (Table A-1). In the first half of 2020, the civilian labor force declined by 17,250 people or 2.6 percent from the same period of the previous year.

Civilian employment totaled 496,350 people in the second quarter of 2020, a decrease of 148,050 people or 23.0 percent compared to the same quarter of 2019 (Table A-2). In the first half of 2020, average civilian employment decreased 71,550 people or 11.1 percent from the same period of the previous year.

In the second quarter of 2020, the number of civilian unemployed averaged 128,250, an increase of 109,450 people or 582.2 percent from the same quarter of 2019 (Table A-3). In the first half of 2020, the number of unemployed increased 54,300 people or 292.7 percent from the same period of the previous year.

The unemployment rate (not seasonally adjusted) was 20.5 percent in the second quarter of 2020, 17.7 percentage points above the second quarter of 2019 (Table A-4). In the first half of 2020, the unemployment rate increased 8.7 percentage points from the same period of the previous year to 11.5 percent.

In the second quarter of 2020, Hawaii’s non-agricultural wage and salary jobs averaged 535,200 jobs, a decrease of 118,400 jobs or 18.1 percent from the same quarter of 2019 (Table A-6). In the first half of 2020, average non-agricultural wage and salary jobs decreased 9.0 percent or 59,200 jobs from the same period of the previous year.

The job decrease in the second quarter of 2020 was due to job decreases in both the private sector and the government sector. In this quarter, the private sector lost about 106,300 non-agricultural jobs compared to the second quarter of 2019. Jobs decreased the most in Food Services and Drinking Places, which lost 35,400 jobs or 50.7 percent (Table A-19); followed by Accommodation, which lost 25,800 jobs or 60.8 percent (Table A-18), Transportation, Warehousing & Utilities, which lost 8,500 jobs or 25.1 percent (Table A-11), Retail Trade, lost 7,300 jobs or 10.3 percent (Table A-10), Professional & Business Services, lost 7,100 jobs or 9.7 percent (Table A-14), and Arts, Entertainment & Recreation, lost 6,600 jobs or 47.8 percent (Table A-17) in the quarter.

For the private sector, in the second quarter of 2020, only Natural Resources, Mining & Construction, added 300 jobs or 0.8 percent (Table A-7) in the quarter.

The Government sector lost 12,100 jobs or 9.5 percent (Table A-21) in the second quarter of 2020 compared to the same quarter of 2019. The Federal Government added 100 jobs or 0.3 percent (Table A-22), the State Government lost 11,700 jobs or 15.6 percent (Table A-23), and the Local Government lost 400 jobs or 2.1 percent (Table A-24), compared to the second quarter of 2019.