A. Labor Force & Jobs

4th Quarter 2019 Report

Download Labor Data Tables (spreadsheet)

Hawaii’s labor market conditions were mixed in the third quarter of 2019.  Since the civilian labor force decreased less than the decrease in civilian employment, the civilian unemployment rate increased to 2.7 percent in the quarter.  For the 36th consecutive quarter-over-quarter, civilian non-agricultural wage and salary jobs increased.

In the third quarter of 2019, the civilian labor force averaged 658,850 people, a decrease of 19,150 people or 2.8 percent from the same quarter of 2018 (Table A-1).  In the first three quarters of 2019, the civilian labor force declined by 15,900 people or 2.3 percent from the same period of the previous year.

Civilian employment totaled 641,250 people in the third quarter of 2019, a decrease of 19,400 people or 2.9 percent compared to the same quarter of 2018 (Table A-2).  In the first three quarters of 2019, average civilian employment decreased 18,000 people or 2.7 percent from the same period of the previous year.

In the third quarter of 2019, the number of civilian unemployed averaged 17,600, an increase of 250 people or 1.4 percent from the same quarter of 2018 (Table A-3).  In the first three quarters of 2019, the number of unemployed increased 2,100 people or 12.8 percent from the same period of the previous year.

The unemployment rate (not seasonally adjusted) increased from 2.6 percent in the third quarter of 2018 to 2.7 percent in the third quarter of 2019 (Table A-4).  In the first three quarters of 2019, the unemployment rate increased 0.4 of a percentage point from the same period of the previous year to 2.8 percent.

In the third quarter of 2019, Hawaii’s non-agricultural wage and salary jobs averaged 654,600 jobs, an increase of 3,900 jobs or 0.6 percent from the same quarter of 2018 (Table     A-6).  This is the 36th consecutive quarter-over-quarter increase in non-agricultural wage and
salary jobs after ten consecutive quarter-over-quarter decreases in jobs since the second quarter of 2008.  In the first three quarters of 2019, average non-agricultural wage and salary jobs increased 0.5 percent or 3,200 jobs from the same period of the previous year.

The job growth in the third quarter of 2019 was due to job increases in both the private sector and the government sector. In this quarter, the private sector added about 3,200 non-agricultural jobs compared to the third quarter of 2018.  Jobs increased the most in Food Services and Drinking Places, adding 2,900 jobs or 4.2 percent (Table      A-19); followed by Natural Resources, Mining & Construction, adding 1,100 jobs or 3.0 percent (Table A-7), Health Care & Social Assistance, adding 1,000 jobs or 1.4 percent (Table A-16),  Professional & Business Services, adding 800 jobs or 1.0 percent (Table A-14), and Other Services, adding 500 jobs or 1.8 percent (Table A-20) in the quarter.

For the private sector, in the third quarter of 2019, Retail Trade lost 2,800 jobs (Table A-10), and Wholesale Trade lost 400 jobs (Table A-9) in the quarter.

The three levels of government added 700 jobs or 0.6 percent (Table A-21) in the third quarter of 2019 compared to the same quarter of 2018.  The Federal Government added 300 jobs or 0.9 percent (Table A-22), State Government added 100 jobs or 0.1 percent (Table A-23), and Local Government added 200 jobs or 1.0 percent (Table A-24), compared to the third quarter of 2018.

The initial liable claims for unemployment, which measures the number of people who lost jobs in Hawaii and moved to other states, increased 13.0 percent in the third quarter of 2019 compared to the same quarter of 2018 (Table      A-27). In the first three quarters of 2019, the initial liable claims for unemployment decreased 9.8 percent from the same period of the previous year.