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Economic Indicators

Social Indicators

Environmental Indicators

GPI Details
Adjusted Personal Consumption Expenditure
Public & Non-Profit Provision of Goods/ Services
Built Capital Services
Social and Human Capital Services
Social Costs
Protected Areas Services
Local Pollution Costs
Depletion of Natural Capital

Protected Areas Services (+KN)


GPI = U(PCE_ADJ + PP + KB + KS + KH – SC + KN – POL – DKN)

where PCE_ADJ = (PCE – DEFR – HI – CDE)*INQ


Protected Areas Services (+KN) Protected Areas Services (+KN) and KN Sub Indicators Graph

Natural capital provides ecosystem services that enhance welfare beyond merely provisioning market goods and services that may be already accounted for in market consumption.

HI GPI and Protected Areas Services and KN Sub Indicators Excel Table Download 

Focuses on ecosystem services from protected areas as they represent a direct relation to conservation investment and services other than commercial products. Utilizes USGS National Land Cover Database (NLCD) and USGS National Gap Analysis Program’s protected area database to estimate a stock of the state’s protected areas managed for non-commercial use by land cover type. Stocks are then multiplied by ecosystem service estimates from similar land cover types. This indicator is the same across all years due to data limitations.

This indicator estimates the value of ecosystem services flowing from protected areas across a variety of biome types. Notably, land cover data for Hawai‘i does not yet include offshore biomes, thus these are excluded from the estimates. The biomes include: developed, cultivated, grassland, tropical forest, palustrine wetlands, estuarine wetlands and shore, desert, and open (fresh) water.